Elementary
Particle Physics |
Fall 2017 |
The particle data listings will be useful. It can be accessed online by the students at Particle Data Group
Chapter 1 ``Overview of particle physics'': Elementary particles and interactions; Strong interacions: Baryons and mesons; Weak interactions; Generations. (Chapter 1 Halzen and Martin, Chapter 0-1 Griffiths, Chapter 1 Perkins)
Chapter 2 `` Fields for Free Particles'': Scalars: free fields and propagators; Dirac Fermions: free fields and propagators; Vectors: free fields and propagators; (Halzen and Martin, 3.3 to 3.5, 5, Griffiths 7.1 to 7.3, Peskin and Schroeder 2.2 to 2.4, 3.3 to 3.6, )
Chapter 3 ``From Interaction Amplitudes to Observables'': Example of fermion-scalar interaction: perturbative expansion; Wick's theorem and Feynman rules; Observables: decay width and scattering cross section. (Peskin and Schroeder 4.3 to 4.7)
Chapter 4 ``QED for leptons'' : Electromagnetic interaction as a U(1) (Abelian) gauge theory (QED); Feynman rules for QED; Calculation of scattering amplitudes and cross sections at tree level for several processes in QED; Higher order: Renomalization; e- mu- --> e- mu- in Lab frame; (Halzen and Martin chap 6 and 14.1-14.3 , Griffiths 7.5 and 7.9, Peskin and Schroeder 4.8, 5.1,5.2.)
Chapter 5 ``QED and the structure of hadrons'': Concept of form factors; e-p -->e-p elastic scattering: proton form factors; e-p -->e-p elastic inelastic scattering; Bjorken scaling and quarks; quark distribution functions; the gluons. (Halzen and Martin 8.1-8.4, Chapter 9; Griffiths 8.3-8.6))
Chapter 6 ``Strong Interactions: Quantum Chromodynamics'': Representations of SU(N); Evidence of 3 colours: e+e---> hadrons; Lagrangian and Feynman rules for QCD; q qbar interactions: colour singlet and colour octet configurations; Asymptotic freedom: perturbative QCD and factorization; Tests of perturbative QCD: Drell-Yan, e+e--> 2 jets and the spin of the quark; e+e- --> 3 jets and the spin of the gluon ; Internal symmetries and classification of bound states of strong interactions (hadrons): SU(2) isospin flavour and SU(3) flavour. (Halzen and Martin chapter 2,Griffiths 9, Halzen and Martin 10.1, 11);
Chapter 7 ``Weak Interactions'': Weak decays and parity violation: V-A weak charged currents; W boson as mediator of weak charged currents; Low energy tests: muon decay, nuclear beta decay, neutrino decay, neutrino-electron scattering; fermion mixing matrix; Weak neutral currents: Z0 and the GIM mechanism; CP violation. ((Halzen and Martin 12,Griffits 10.1-10.6 );
Chapter 8 ``Electroweak Unification'': Weinberg-Salam Model of Electroweak Interactions; Spontaneous symmetry breaking: Higgs mechanism; Masses of the Gauge Bosons and of the Fermions. (Halzen and Martin 13, 14.6 to 14.9, Griffits 10.7, 11.8,11.9)
Chapter 9 ``Experimental Techniques in Particle Physics'': Interaction of particles with matter. Types of sub detectors: calorimeters, tracking and Cherenkov. Accelerators. Measurement of luminosity. Trigger, event reconstruction and data analysis ''
Chapter 10 ``Example of a HEP experiment: ALEPH'': The Aleph detector. Measurement of the number of light neutrinos. Jets physics. Search for new physics.
Chapter 11 ``Heavy flavour experiments'': The LHCb and BaBar experiments. e+e- vs pp machines. Flavor tagging. Secondary vertex reconstruction. Lifetime measurements. Rare decays. CP violation. T violation.